types of hearing loss

The ear is a complex system that works in harmony to bring sound from the environment to your brain, where it can be processed.
Overall, there are three types of hearing loss. Hearing loss can be caused by a disorder in the outer and middle ear or/and damage in the inner ear.

Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound is not being transmitted properly due to a disorder in the outer or middle ear.

In many cases, conductive hearing loss can be medically treated.

Some examples include excessive earwax blocking the ear canal, deformity of the outer ear or ear canal, and infections and fluid in the middle ear.
Sensorineural hearing loss affects the cochlea, the organ of hearing within the inner ear, or the nerves beyond the inner ear.

Most sensorineural hearing loss is permanent, cannot be medically treated, and can result in difficulty distinguishing sounds and understanding speech.

There are many causes of sensorineural hearing loss including the aging process, genetics, prolonged exposure to loud noise, and certain medications.
Mixed hearing loss is a combination of both conductive and sensorineural components.